Well then, so we take the tape width of 2.5 cm .. do work piece 5 cm .. Their number depends on the size florets.
I invite you to an entertaining lesson in the manufacture of Indian mandalas. We try to make decorative eight pointed Indian mandala made of wool and wooden sticks. Sit back, turn off the TV and radio, and supplies should be: arm rests, four sticks (I took the rod 25 cm long and 6 mm in diameter), a pair of scissors. More we do not need.
Putting two sticks together and bind them firmly in the middle of a double knot. Leave a small tail, which in the process will go under the braid.
Deploy sticks so that they form a straight cross. Be careful and make sure that the angle between the rods remained 90 degrees in the process of weaving. We fix sticks tightly wrapping them 6-7 times obliquely, first on one diagonal, then on the second. Check that the cross durable and sticks it move not.
And now begins the thread braid in a circle each stick. Draping string top, makes a complete revolution around the sticks, and when the thread once again be on top, toss it to the next stick. Do not forget the uniform tension. Scourge until you see what happens square. Make it as large a wish.
When you decide what size square enough, cut the thread with a small margin and tie it around that sticks, which begins with a square weave usually single node. On wooden sticks even a single node is kept pretty tight.
Then bind to the same or another stick thread of another color, leaving a small ponytail. And new colors start to move around again. When you get to the first rod, let under the braided ponytail remained there, after his little pulling. Let them do everything under the braided ponytails that will remain with you in the process of weaving.
When finished weaving a second color, fasten thread. The most simple – tie her with residual tail double knot.However, complex mandala, for example, shaped or therapeutic trudge all with just one unit – and the one at the end. And not a drop of glue!
And then the gossip the same square on the remaining two sticks. There is enough of the same color: it is barely visible in the mandala. The size should be exactly the same as the size of the first square or a few millimeters larger it.
The first step has been taken. Ahead – the most difficult: the socket. Rosette – a small sun, which is obtained at the beginning of weaving mandala and the quality of which depends on its strength and quality. Put two squares at each other evenly sticks and tie a string to one of the rods of the lower square.
Getting braid sticks thread THROUGH TWO. That is, the thread passes under the mandala, grabs a stick from the previous two, revolves, and again goes under the mandala to the next stick in two. Initially, the mandala can not hear, “walk”. Your task – to make a full circle, back to where started, after which the correct squares to each other in all planes. Make as many laps as you want, but do not forget during the weaving sticks correct relative to each other in all planes.
Here’s how it will look from the inside. Pattern, which is obtained by weaving “two” is called “rays”. And all of this composition – the socket. When finished weave this color fasten thread.
Tie to stick color and begin to weave them.
On the reverse side will be obtained this way. After finishing a dark green color, I wove a few rows of light green.You can use as many colors as you want.
We prepared socket – the hardest thing in the entire mandala. Now proceed to the relaxed side netting – a square.Squares weave, almost like rays through only one stick. It turns out that we weave is square on the top cross, then on the bottom, as in the beginning. Tie one of the rods of the lower square thread of the new color and begin to weave through a wand. Finished color – fasten the thread knot
Weave square exactly the same width, but on the upper cross. Can choose a different color.
We starting to get here is such a beautiful flower.
Add a couple of squares of different colors. I decided to stay at the purple, but you can add more colors.
Add more flowers as you see fit, but be sure to leave at least one-quarter of sticks to weave them the final element of the mandala – a belt.
Wrong Side of the mandala. Getting Chain Belt. Tie a string to a stick, and any sequence begins braid sticks around. This is perhaps the easiest of the mandala patterns.
Finish one color, skip to the next. After several rows of light green, I added a row of blue and completed times are dark green.
Well, the last fixing pattern. We stayed neopletennye ends about an inch long sticks. Tie one of the sticks thread, kototoraya will complete color chord in the mandala.
It will be a kind of belt in a row. Loop the thread to the next stick and wrap it to the end, up to the top and then back down to the bottom and wrap the thread perekin’te further.
Going round the circle completely and shook the ends of rods, tie a string to the tail of the same color and make the tails of the loop.
For anyone who thinks this is very difficult, time consuming – yes, time consuming – yes. But it is not difficult! I think many people simply do not realize all the possibilities of plastic, it stops them.
First a little about the style.
“The word filigree derives from the Latin – thread – grain. laconic and simple, it points to the constituent elements of art. Reflects the technique, process. Scan – from old Russian “Scat “-” ssuchivat “,” twist “yarns. filigree based on formation of decoration by smooth, ribbed or twisted wires made of metal (copper, silver, gold). Used as circular in cross section and the flattened wire. Combination of different wire cross-sectional ornament created using repetitive or alternating elements given rhythmic pattern. grain is used for emphasis, the additional funds mean “rhythm.” ” Ornaments in Russian and Eastern traditions have common Byzantine roots. But Russian filigree different multi-layer, density, fineness and frequent using filigree decoration without the metal base (Transversal filigree). In the east the same filigree jewelry art decor serves mainly to massive metal surfaces. It is more a single layer, pattern less complex and tenuous. It is also very popular large beads with filigree. Indian filigree as Indian cinema – is generally a separate song) Overloaded pattern, particularly valued gold. The most impressive look patinated filigree products since on a dark background lace pattern noticeable. In a figurative sense filigree sometimes referred to simply as some very fine or small the job. However, then, the very name of “filigree” there is no notation of any material , these threads and grains must be made) So no one will prevent us from doing this out of plastic and rightfully called filigree.
Generally no obligation to imitate metal, delicate and of itself is good,
but it still gives a shine additional effect of volume, so the master class will be
for the production of “metal” filigree. Making things for this master class cost me half an hour (photographing and drinking tea does not count.
For the production will need this:
- Plastic two colors
- cutting tool (knife, blade, etc.)
- Metal Powder First of plastic.
I rarely use plastic “straight from the pack.” Always mix. In the course of going and Fimo, and Scalpay, and CERN.
The proportions depend on what I need plastic consistency. Likewise, the colors I prefer nameshivat itself. For delicate items need plastic soft enough, but not as much as the software. As for the color: it all depends on what kind of metal you want to simulate. The metal powder is selected accordingly (it happens under the silver, gold or bronze, sold in art stores, departments for restoration). You can use as plastic Metallic and without. If you will take his money, I advise you not to take the “naked” color. Admixed with the little silver metallic gold. Silver from this is not going anywhere, but shade is more natural. This master class is considered an imitation of bronze. * gold filigree rarely patinated, simply because gold does not oxidize easily, so I do not really like it, a lot of patterns and effect of zero. It is better if you work for are mixed plastic that will be as close to the color of the metal. This will add more naturalistic. One color – for the basics – dark, the other – for the very pattern –
light. In light if desired can be mixed metal powders, so it will be more shine (pictured below color plastic for comparison before and after mixing. But it is not necessary since in the process most of the plastic would be all the same under a layer of powder.
His plastic material will not lose even if it mix with a fair amount of powder.
Therefore, all balances after work can be safely mixed and again put to use.
These are thin rope can roll out of plastic, and it is not the limit. But do not worry, you will not need these. For with the human eye, too, has its limits, and the product must be seen without a magnifying glass. But these and still have a thicker roll:
Here is the same rope. But flattened version looks much thinner work piece. It is due to such a profile and an effect of elegance. Thus he dialed pattern – if you look at the side – will have a decent height. And hence, the strength.
Prepare for rope pattern:
To do this, a first roll of
plastic (that light) and then rolled several times in the metal powder. Rope amenable to the same method as the sausage. Ie you can roll thicker, and then gently stretch the ends to get a very thin piece of string. Before you continue to work with rope, ride it on a smooth clean surface. So you will achieve this metallic luster. From these blanks have to do is:
As a rule, smooth flat profile goes for contours and rims, and a twisted rope (often too flat) – for internal patterns.But it all depends on your ideas – you can never use a twisted piece of string, and confine smooth (different thickness. You can use another way to get more ..version. To do this you need to take a dark plastic, make him some element and then rub the powder metal places that should shine.
This can be done simply with a finger or a soft brush. Best of all, this method is suitable for the manufacture of a large flat twisted rope (which is used in the rims). The most time consuming in the process – does exactly the workpiece. Because any curvature immediately gives the material. Metal wire after rolling is ideal for its entire length, there are no places where it would be thicker or thinner. Plastic also capricious, reacts to the slightest tap. Therefore, when you twist and ivy rope, hold the element in hand so that it just fell out, ie even without pressing the plastic. Note – nothing then you will not be sanding trim. Best of all, if you flatten the rope glass (suitable and transparent plastic ruler). Transparency help control thickness. After obvalivaniya in powder rope to anything not stick, so no problems will arise. Even if the result of flattening you are not happy, you know that it is fixable. Just gently pull out the places
After the blanks patterns are ready, can be taken as a basis. It is made of a dark plastic. The substrate may be a bead, and the convex and flat. In the latter two cases it is important that the thickness be uniform everywhere.
Thicker than 2 mm do not appropriate, because then with rims have tight.
The rim, directly adjacent to the substrate must be greater than its not less than a millimeter.
Better slightly more.Because the internal pattern must not rise above the rim (if it is not layered filigree). And sometimes the pattern and located just below the rim. The very rim can be single, and may contain several turns of different verёvochek. In this case I used a flat profile and a flat piece of string. But before you attach the rim to the base (which is the first thing you should do), you need to burn the base slightly. Literally 1-2 minutes. Actually, I could write a whole laudatory ode phase firing, because it allows the material to create miracles. And the secret of plastic filigree rather its careful execution consists in gradual firing. While the base is baked, you are ready to “solder”.
To this mixed gel met. powder. This mixture is required for flooding seams.
Themselves parts are attached to the base of a conventional transparent gel. His need to apply a thin layer on the rim base, making sure that the rim is not warped, ie was perpendicular to the surface. Then again, followed by a brief firing. Then you can attach to the rim of the extra rope if necessary. They may be the same height or lower smooth or twisted.
Note – the seams should not be visible. This is followed by opreratsii laid out the internal circuit. It’s something like for example the framework in which you will then create a pattern. Most often, the contours are smooth. This creates a beautiful contrast with the inner twisted wire. It would be good to have on hand a preliminary sketch of what you are doing. With filigree without this hard. You can even advance to put on paper all the patterns, and then transfer them to a plastic base (at least in the art of jewelry is well taken. If you’re not sure of the eye and are afraid to miss – can on the basis of a pencil cause lines that then need to walk gel (the toothpick tip – a great tool for drawing. You can not smear the gel base, and the very detail. True, it requires great care.
Transferring small parts on the basis of how: the toothpick tip dunk in the gel and stick to it part. You can not smear the gel base, and the very detail. True, it requires great care.
Transferring small parts on the basis of how: the toothpick tip dunk in the gel and stick to it part.
Just put your fingers detail is sometimes difficult. After the circuit is laid out – again a short firing. Again – 1-2 minutes, no longer need. Next comes the hard work – the lay out the pattern. In this gel should be applied not only based on the elements underneath, but where parts in contact with the circuit. If you are working without a sketch, then try to make the symmetrical parts simultaneously. Just put them together and to the substrate. The fit of parts within the contour by using all of the same toothpick, but dry, without the gel, as well as with a needle if you want to advance the tip of the element between other elements. When the item is put on the foundation, In no case do not press down her finger! A bit of a pattern, as you understand, it is made up of small variously bent verёvochek. The elements are as follows: It’s a classic.
There are plenty of other, more clever, it is for those who will enter into the taste. They still are called in their own way, but this I’m not going to fool you. If you want to use some sort of insert, it must be pre-baked. Pattern around the insert directly executed after insertion is fastened to the base. The insert must be placed in the rim (in the gel).Then with the help of gel attached to the base. Remember about the seams. Next, a short firing again. If he wants to imitate jewelry knurling on the rim, then the top of the rim to put a thin circular piece of string (in gel), as shown in the photo on the right, then the needle to make the incision. I used a dark plastic, but you can just take a roll in powdered. If you do it out of the dark, you should go with a brush met. powder on the rim. Then lay out the remaining pattern After that you need to perform the finest job – to make grain. To do this, you take a piece of string (thicker and thinner), roll in powdered, cut blade blanks in different sizes, and then rolled into balls. It is not difficult, but for a long time. To the balls well glistened fingers should be a little dunk in the powder. And then you place the balls on your product. On the gel, mixed with the powder. As a rule, the beads are placed at the junctions or where the tips of the elements formed are not very aesthetically pleasing and generally where the eye pleasantly. After that, the product comes into the final firing. For 20 minutes. All holes – if they are in the product, you need to plan in the sketch and the surrounding elements in the form of a ring. You can drill and after firing, and can be in the beginning, before baking basics. The plastic “metal” filigree varnish is not covered. This immediately destroy all the metal effect. But the insert, if necessary, and can be very Lacko. For perfectionists: repeatedly go over the finished piece of filigree fine suede. This will give extra shine.
Small bonus for overpower to the end:
If you need a lot of the same elements as a ringlet, there is reception, taken from the same jewelry practices.
Screw a rope on something round, a suitable diameter, gives the plastic “cool”, and then cut along the blade of the resulting spring. And get a bunch of identical blanks for rings:
Apart from the dry powder can be used with a metal powder mixture of wax-based.
In that case, all of the paste is rubbed after baking, and then in an oven for a few minutes.
However, it is less like a metal than a dry powder. Incidentally, the metal powder can obvalivat all sorts of details. Acrylic no comparison on the effect does not go with the powder. Powder gives a completely flat surface. If you are on the burnt-based thin smear gel, mixed with a lot of powders, after baking it will look like brushed metal.
This Crochet Yarn Flower is easy to make and pretty for Spring. Dandelion is beautiful, strong and resilient, and now crochet one for your home for spring decoration, look fresh, right? This dandelion flower itself is easy to make, and you can use classic pom pom techniques to create, but I prefer this way below by cutting into two. And there is a way to make if you don’t have U crochet hook by using fork and green pipe cleans instead.
- Yarn (Green and Yellow)
- Crochet hooks
- Needle and thread
To make a dandelion first you have to wrap yellow yarn around a U shape crochet hook. After that pass yarn from the middle along its width, apply glue and and roll it.
Wrap yarn around the center of the yarn roll and cut it in two pieces to get two pom poms.
Wrap this patch around the dandelion top and tie it. Tie the lower part tightly and cut the edge. Dip in white glue to seal.
Then cut pieces of green yarn in equal length and thread a green thread through each piece of yarn with needle. Again repeat the same step with some gap.
Cover a stick of plastic with green yarn by applying glue and hot glue the dandelion to it. Make more and complete a bunch.
Hope you like this Crochet yarn Flower tutorial.
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Take a thick paper I have for drawing, in any format. On each side of the point to note 4 to 1.5 cm. and hold the line. Should get here this grid